Ovarian Cysts Specialist

Midwest Urogynecology

John P. Judd, MD

Gynecologist & Urogynecologist located in St. Louis, MO

Ovarian cysts are common and usually harmless, but they can cause offsetting symptoms and lead to complications. John Judd, MD, provides effective diagnostic and treatment options for ovarian cysts at Midwest Urogynecology in St. Louis, Missouri. To find out how you might benefit, call the office or use the online scheduler to book an appointment.

Ovarian Cysts Q & A

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that can form on or inside your ovaries. They’re very common and typically harmless. The most common types are not cancerous.

Who gets ovarian cysts?

Most menstruating women develop at least one ovarian cyst each month. While less likely after you’ve reached menopause, a small percentage of postmenopausal women form cysts large in size that require treatment.

What causes ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts can derive from various causes, including:

  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal problems
  • Severe pelvic infections
  • Pregnancy

Do ovarian cysts cause symptoms?

Most ovarian cysts are small and asymptomatic. Symptoms can occur, however, and may include:

  • Bloating, pressure, or swelling in your abdomen
  • Breast tenderness
  • Dull aches in your thighs and lower back
  • More frequent urination
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Painful periods
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding

If you know you have an ovarian cyst and experience severe symptoms such as pain with vomiting and a fever, sudden and intense abdominal pain, rapid breathing, fainting, dizziness, or weakness, seek immediate medical support. These symptoms can happen if a cyst bursts, which can sometimes trigger heavy bleeding.

Do I need surgery for my ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts usually don’t require surgery but Dr. Judd may recommend it if your cyst is particularly large, painful, or long-lasting. If you don’t need surgery, apparent symptoms can often be managed with pain medications or a hormonal form of birth control.

Can ovarian cysts cause cancer?

A minority of ovarian cysts become cancerous. This risk increases with age, especially after menopause.

Do they affect pregnancy?

Ovarian cysts commonly form during pregnancy, and they’re usually not cause for alarm. If they continue to grow throughout your pregnancy, however, they could potentially twist, burst, or interfere with delivery. If you have an ovarian cyst, Dr. Judd monitors it throughout your pregnancy.